Opisywanie przełomów intelektualnych w historii kultury europejskiej. Perspektywa zastosowania nowych kategorii teoretycznych w historii nauki

Wiktor Werner

Abstract


The article relates to a method of describing the place of science in the history of culture. Its aim is to show the disintegration of a uniform system of knowledge constructed of the religious and scientific categories that existed from late antiquity to the eighteenth century. This phenomenon is described by means of the categories of “synergy” and “emergent system.” The synergistic actions taken by the religious and political elite for the defense of the Christian society against alleged supporters of Satan – witches – led to the destabilization of the system and the occurrence of unanticipated consequences, such as the emergence of a materialistic
and critical science.

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